The Jump that Changed Figure Skating Forever | Olympics on the Record

The story of Ulrich Salchow, the Swedish figure skater who invented the Salchow jump and whose name jumped into the sport's DNA and changed the Olympic Games' competition forever.

History of Salchow Jump.

The Salchow is a figure skating jump with a takeoff from a back inside edge of one foot. The rotation in the air is made in the direction of the curve of the take-off edge. The landing is made on the back outside edge of the foot opposite the one used for take-off. One or more rotations may be made in the air. It was invented by the Swedish skater Ulrich Salchow in 1909.

Ulrich Salchow invented the jump that bears his name in 1909. Theresa Weld was the first female skater to perform it, at the 1920 Summer Olympics; she was reprimanded for attempting anything so "unladylike", but that did not stop other female skaters from performing jumps.

Double Salchows were first performed by Gillis Grafström for men in the 1920s, and Cecilia Colledge for women in the late 1930s.

The first triple Salchow was landed by Ronnie Robertson at the 1955 World Figure Skating Championships.

Petra Burka has been credited as being the first woman to land a triple Salchow jump (and also the first triple jump of any type by a woman), in domestic competition at the 1962 Canadian Championships and in international competition at the 1965 World Championships. However, according to a contemporary report on the 1961 European Figure Skating Championships, both Helli Sengstschmid and Jana Mrazkova did triple Salchows at that event, predating Burka's earliest claim.

Timothy Goebel is recognized to have landed the first quadruple Salchow at the 1998 Junior Series Final. Goebel's jump, however, used the aforementioned controversial two-footed Salchow technique. The first female skater to have landed a quadruple Salchow in competition was Miki Ando at the 2002 Junior Grand Prix Final. Alexandra Trusova landed a quadruple salchow at junior grand prix series in Brisbane in 2017

The first throw quadruple Salchow pair element in international competition[9] was performed on November 17, 2007, by Tiffany Vise and Derek Trent of the United States at the 2007 Trophée Eric Bompard competition.

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